科研成果

Ecosystem carbon (CO2 and CH4) fluxes of a Populus dettoides plantation in subtropical China during and post clear-cutting

发布时间:2015-12-31点击率:23813

作者:Shenghua Gao, Jiquan Chen, Yuxi Tang, Jing Xie, Rui Zhang, Jie Tang, Xudong Zhang*

期刊:Ecology and Management

发表时间:2015年

卷.期.页码:357: 206-219

摘要:Poplar plantations have widely spread around the world due to its high productivity and adaptability. Clear-cutting is the primary harvesting method for poplar plantation management in southern China. However, the effect of harvesting on ecosystem carbon fluxes limits our ability to estimate its carbon sequestration. A consecutive, three-year observation on ecosystem CO2 and CH4 flux (FCO2 and FCH4) of a Populus dettoides plantation on the floodplain of Yangtze River was made prior and post to the clear cutting using an eddy-covariance system. We found that clear-cutting turned the ecosystem from a strong carbon sink to a mediate carbon source only in several months, July to next January, after the harvest. The ecosystem turned to a net carbon sink at the beginning of the first growing season following clear-cutting due to the large productivity of understory vegetation in this region. The annual carbon budget was -424.3 ± 52.5 g-C m-2 (95% confidence interval) in the harvesting year, with 53.6 ± 22.8 g-C m-2 the first year and -290.7 ± 34.2 g-C m-2 the second year after clear-cutting. Clear-cutting turned the ecosystem from a net CH4 sink to a net CH4 source after the third month, but during the three years the CH4 emission only balanced out a very small portion (0.3%) of FCO2. In noninundation periods, FCH4 varied from -0.01 to 0.24 mmol m-2 d-1, with a mean (±SD) of 0.11 ± 0.08 mmol m-2 d-1, while it ranged from 0.33 to 4.39 mmol m-2 d-1 during inundation, with a mean (±SD) of 2.17 ± 1.16 mmol m-2 d-1. Daily and weekly FCH4 during non-inundation period were highly correlated with ground water table, soil moisture, and friction velocity, while FCH4 during inundation depended on inundation depth.