科研成果

Global poplar root and leaf transcriptomes reveal links between growth and stress responses under nitrogen starvation and excess

发布时间:2015-12-31点击率:15442

作者:Jie Luo, Jing Zhou, Hong Li, Wenguang Shi, Andrea Polle, Mengzhu Lu, Xiaomei Sun and Zhi-Bin Luo*

期刊:Tree Physiology

发表时间:2015年

卷.期.页码:00: 1–20. doi:10.1093/treephys/tpv091

摘要:Nitrogen (N) starvation and excess have distinct effects on N uptake and metabolism in poplars, but the global transcriptomic changes underlying morphological and physiological acclimation to altered N availability are unknown. We found that N starvation stimulated the fine root length and surface area by 54 and 49%, respectively, decreased the net photosynthetic rate by 15% and reduced the concentrations of NH4+, NO3? and total free amino acids in the roots and leaves of Populus simonii Carr. in comparison with normal N supply, whereas N excess had the opposite effect in most cases. Global transcriptome analysis of roots and leaves elucidated the specific molecular responses to N starvation and excess. Under N starvation and excess, gene ontology (GO) terms related to ion transport and response to auxin stimulus were enriched in roots, whereas the GO term for response to abscisic acid stimulus was overrepresented in leaves. Common GO terms for all N treatments in roots and leaves were related to development, N metabolism, response to stress and hormone stimulus. Approximately 30–40% of the differentially expressed genes formed a transcriptomic regulatory network under each condition. These results suggest that global transcriptomic reprogramming plays a key role in the morphological and physiological acclimation of poplar roots and leaves to N starvation and excess.